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A Romano-British Villa at Itter Crescent, Peterborough: PXA and UPD

Henley, Sarah and Lyons, Alice and Pickstone, Alexandra (2012) A Romano-British Villa at Itter Crescent, Peterborough: PXA and UPD. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between August 2011 and February 2012 Oxford Archaeology East conducted an archaeological excavation at Itter Crescent, Peterborough (TF 182 018), commissioned by CgMs Consulting on behalf of Bellway Homes (East Midlands) in advance of a residential development. The total machine stripped area covered 0.5 hectares.

Prior to the excavation, Peterborough City Historic Environment Record (HER) contained no records relating to archaeological sites or finds from the development area itself.

The excavation revealed multi-period archaeological remains dating from the Neolithic through to the post-Medieval period. The earliest finds were neolithic struck flint including a retouched blade. The earliest cut features evidenced a substantial Iron Age settlement, with three roundhouses, a hayrick and extensive settlement debris in an enclosure surrounded by a bank and ditch. Occupation of the enclosure continued into the Romano-British period with the construction of an extremely high status set of timber framed buildings which were later replaced by a two-storey stone courtyard villa and bath house complex. The exceptional level of preservation within the villa revealed mosaic floors, painted plaster walls, deeply stratified sequences of clay floors, a domed keyhole-shaped oven and hypocaust foundations of the tepidarium and caldarium in the bath house. Beyond the villa, evidence of the life of the inhabitants survived in the courtyard in the form of ovens, a well, drains and water tanks and occupation debris. Behind the villa a tile kiln used to fire the roof and floor tiles of the building was dug into the backfilled enclosure ditch. Sixteen neonate burials were contemporary with the inhabitation of the villa.

There was no major land use following the abandonment of the Villa in the later Roman period. Over time stone from the walls and foundations was systematically robbed and used elsewhere. The site was returned to for burial, with eleven adults and one juvenile buried within or close to the remains of the villa itself. In the Saxon period an adult female was buried with high status grave goods including gold gilt shoulder brooches and a necklace of baltic amber and glass beads.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire, Peterborough, peterborough, itter crescent, Itter Crescent, Roman, roman, Villa, villa, Roman Villa, Roman villa, roman villa, bath house, Bath House, villa complex, Iron Age, iron age, settlement, hayrick, settlement debris, enclosure, boundary ditch, bank, tile kiln, kiln, multiphase, inhumation, skeleton, human remains, HSR, hsr, neonate, neonate burial, roman pottery, pottery, samian, Samian, post-roman, burial, robbed out wall, roundhouse, structure, shrine, smithy, tessera, tesserae, CBM, cbm, Ceramic Building Material, ceramic building material, tile, Tile, Roman, tile, roman tile, brick, animal remains, animal bone, bone, Early Medieval, early medieval, Anglo-Saxon, anglo-saxon, anglo-saxon burial, Anglo-Saxon burial, wall, wall plaster, painted wall plaster, brooch, shoulder brooch, slag, ironwork, nail, archaeological excavation, Archaeological Excavation, excavation, pit, pits, ditch, ditches, post hole, post holes, Neolithic, neolithic, struck flint, worked flint, flint, lithic, lithics, lithic implement, retouched blade, blade, floor, clay floor, mosaic, mosaic floor, hypocaust foundations, hypocaust, tepidarium, caldarium, oven, well, drain, water tank, occupation, occupation debris,amber, amber bead, bead, glass, glass bead, PXA, pxa, post-excavation assessment, UPD, upd, updated project design, 1329, report 1329, Report 1329, OAE report 1329
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Chris Faine
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2017 09:34
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2018 11:22
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/3406

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