OA Library

Love’s Lane, Dunton Bassett, Leicestershire

Dodd, Mark Love’s Lane, Dunton Bassett, Leicestershire. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

[thumbnail of X_A122_2016.pdf]

Download (15MB) | Preview


Oxford Archaeology Ltd undertook an archaeological evaluation of the site of a
proposed housing development in the village of Dunton Bassett, Leicestershire,
between 24th October and 2nd November 2016. The evaluation comprised 20
trenches, some placed to investigate features identified by a previous geophysical
survey or otherwise distributed throughout the remainder of the application site. The
trenches were placed at greater density in the southern part of the site where any
archaeological features were obscured on the geophysical survey plot by traces of
ridge-and-furrow and magnetic debris.
No features or in situ deposits were dated earlier than the middle to late Iron Age,
but the presence of a very small amount of residual worked flint suggests that
Mesolithic and earlier Neolithic activity is likely to have taken place in the vicinity of
the site.
A D-shaped enclosure ditch, identified by the geophysical survey in the northeastern
part of the site, was investigated in three trenches and is thought most likely
to date from the late Iron Age, on the basis of pottery finds. The most closely
datable artefact recovered is a fine flagon handle of the 1st century AD, recovered
from the latest fill of the enclosure ditch. The absence of any definite Roman pottery
suggests that the enclosure is most likely to have been abandoned prior to, or
during, the Roman conquest period.
As few internal features were found, the function of the enclosure is not certain,
although its form is closely comparable with numerous late Iron Age farmsteads
known in Leicestershire. In contrast to more extensively excavated examples there
was clear no trace of roundhouses, which are usually indicated in this region by
pennannular eavesdrip and/or foundation ditches. A possible rectilinear
arrangement of pits on the geophysical survey plot, inside the enclosure, may
indicate lines of storage pits rather than posthole structures. The trenching revealed
two probable storage pits just outside the enclosure ditch to the north and a third
inside the enclosure.
The evaluation proved the existence of a pair of parallel ditches, forming a possible
trackway, which crossed the site on a NW-SE alignment, apparently cutting through
the D-shaped enclosure. Pottery dating evidence was limited but also suggests a
late Iron Age date for this feature.
Charred plant remains from the late Iron Age features indicate that arable
agriculture and cereal processing took place in the vicinity, supported by the
discovery of a beehive quernstone fragment. Animal bone was very scarce, possibly
because the local soil conditions are not conducive to bone preservation.
In conclusion, the Dunton Bassett site appears to be of local significance, but further
study of it would contribute to important regional research objectives, as detailed in
the West Midlands Regional Research Framework

Item Type: Client Report
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Leicestershire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology South > Fieldwork
Depositing User: Scott
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 16:00
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 16:00
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/3151

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item