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Prehistoric and Medieval activity along the route of the Wormingford to Abberton pipeline

Stocks-Morgan, Helen (2012) Prehistoric and Medieval activity along the route of the Wormingford to Abberton pipeline. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between January and March 2011 five targeted open area excavations were carried out by Oxford Archaeology East in advance of the construction of a water pipeline by Essex and Suffolk Water. These were located at Staunches Farm, Wormingford; Fosset's Lane, Fordham; Turkey Cock Lane, Stanway; Maldon Road, Heckfordbridge and Birch Park at Birch.
The excavation at Staunches Farm located a field enclosure system of Bronze Age date running north-east to south-west and a medieval field system on an east to west alignment.
At Fordham several Bronze Age features including a pit and a curvilinear ditch were revealed, thought to originate from domestic occupation. A large medieval field boundary was also located running north-east to south-west across site.
The site at Turkey Cock Lane revealed a curvilinear ditch of prehistoric date, which may have formed an animal enclosure. A late medieval field system was evident within the southern part of the excavation, where several large pits of the same date were also found, that are likely to have been for extracting the natural gravel.
At Maldon Road several rectilinear field systems were recorded. The first phase of use may date to the prehistoric period, while two separate medieval phases of field
system, one on a north-east to south-west alignment and one on a further north to south orientation, were identified.
The site at Birch Park revealed a prehistoric enclosure at the northern edge of the excavation. Further to the south a later medieval field system was present.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Essex, essex, Wormingford, wormingford, Fordham, fordham, Stanway, stanway, Heckfordbridge, heckfordbrisge, Birch, birch, Colchester, colchester, Colchester Museum, colchester museum, pipeline, field system, field enclosure system, Bronze Age, bronze age, Bronze Age field system, bronze age field system, Medieval, medieval, Medieval field system, medieval field system, pit, ditch, curvilinear, curvilinear ditch, field boundary, medieval field boundary, Medieval field boundary, boundary ditch, prehistoric, Prehistoric, enclosure, animal enclosure, gravel extraction, gravel extraction pit, late medieval, Late Medieval, rectilinear field system, pottery, sherd, vessel, medieval pottery, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, animal remains, animal bone, bone, flint, worked flint, lithic, lithic implement, core, blade, nail, horseshoe, horse shoe, 1277, report 1277, Report 1277, OAE report 1277
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Essex
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2018 09:10
Last Modified: 13 Nov 2018 09:10
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/4477

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