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Excavations in North-West Kent, 2005-2007 One hundred thousand years of human activity in and around the Darent valley Evaluation M25 J 1b- 3 Rapid Widening S cheme Treatment Pond 3

Simmonds, Andrew and Wenban-Smith, Frances and Bates, Martin and Powell, Kelly and Sykes, Dan and Devaney, Rebecca and Stansbie, Daniel and Score, David and Biddulph, Edward and Blinkhorn, Paul and Booth, Paul and Boston, Ceridwen and Brown, Lisa and Challinor, Dana and Clough, Sharon and Cotter, John and Crowther, John and Druce, Denise and Howarth, Luke and Keys, Lynne and Lamdin-Whymark, Hugo and Macphail, Richard and Marquez-Grant, Nicholas and Mullin, David and Nicholson, Rebecca and Parfitt, Simon and Pelling, Ruth and Penkman, Kirsty and Poole, Cynthia and Schwenninger, Jean-Luc and Scott, Ian and Shaffrey, Ruth and Smith, Wendy and Stafford, Elizabeth and Strid, Lena and Verrill, Lucy and White, Tom and Whittaker, John E and Cockin, Guy (2011) Excavations in North-West Kent, 2005-2007 One hundred thousand years of human activity in and around the Darent valley Evaluation M25 J 1b- 3 Rapid Widening S cheme Treatment Pond 3. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology South.

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This report presents the results of three projects
undertaken by Oxford Archaeology in North-West
Kent from 2005-2007; on the A2/A282/M25
Improvement Scheme immediately south-east of
Dartford, on part of the Eynsford to Horton Kirby
Pipeline a little further south-east, and at Dartford
Football Club. While different in character and scope,
all three projects are located close together either
within Dartford or just to the south and east, with a
maximum distance of c 6 km between them. Not
only, therefore, do they share a common geography
(the area of the lower Darent valley and territory to
the east of it), but, despite their multiperiod character
– particularly in the case of work on the A2/A282/
M25 Improvement Scheme – all have a focus on the
archaeology of the later prehistoric and Roman
periods. For these reasons, and to allow presentation
of the results of these pieces of work at reasonable
length, it has seemed appropriate to publish the
reports on these projects, originally conceived as
separate pieces of work, together, offering both
economies of scale and also the benefits of a wider
view than that presented by each individually. The
individual reports were themselves based on
proposals for publication arising from separate
programmes of post-excavation assessment. Most of
the original format of each report has been retained,
but the outlines of the archaeological background to
the area formerly contained in each report have been
combined (Chapter 1), and a short general discussion
(Chapter 16) has been added to the site-specific ones.
Oxford Archaeology (OA) carried out a field evaluation at the proposed
site of a new treatment pond on the M25 J1b to J3 Rapid Widening
Scheme. The fieldwork was carried out from 30th April to 2nd May 2007
and was instructed by Jacobs Babtie on behalf of Costain Ltd working for
the Highways Agency. A total of 200 meters of trenching divided between
5 individual trenches was excavated on the 0.3ha site. The evaluation
demonstrated the presence of 5 features in the southwest half of the site. A
curvi-linear gully, two ditches which probably constitute field boundaries
and two pits were all dated to the late Iron Age / early Roman period by
pottery evidence and raise the possibility of a nearby settlement. Flints
possibly dating to the Neolithic or Bronze Age periods were also
recovered from the features indicating activity in the area during the
prehistoric period although no related features were recorded.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: Period > UK Periods > Mesolithic 10,000 - 4,000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Geographical Areas > English Counties > Kent
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Palaeolithic 500 000 - 10 000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology South > Fieldwork
Depositing User: Scott
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2011 16:52
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 10:53
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/478

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