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A421 Archaeology along the Great Barford Bypass

Allen, M and Allen, S.J and Blinkhorn, Paul and Boston, Ceridwen and Challinor, Dana and de Jersey, P and Devaney, Rebecca and Druce, Denise and Edwards, Emily and Geber, J and Holmes, M and Hounslow, M.K and Howard-Davies, C and Karloukovski, V and Keys, Lynne and Nicholson, Rebecca and Shaffrey, R and Stafford, Elizabeth and Stansbie, Daniel and Timby, Jane and Brown, Richard and Hardy, Alan and Leech, Steve and Poole, C and Webley, Leo (2007) A421 Archaeology along the Great Barford Bypass. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology.

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During 2004–2005 Oxford Archaeology carried out a
series of archaeological excavations along the
proposed route of the A421 Great Barford Bypass,
Bedfordshire (NGR TL 102 513–TL 159 554). The
route extends from the Black Cat roundabout on the
A1 and runs to the north and west of Great Barford
linking up at its western end to the A421 Bedford
Southern Bypass near Water End.
A total of nine sites (Sites 1–9) were investigated
in detail revealing evidence of activity from early
prehistoric times through to the post-medieval
period. Earlier prehistoric activity was sparse and
largely evidenced through a light flint scatter over
the entire route and a single early Neolithic pit on
Site 2. Isolated early Bronze Age pits were located
at Sites 2 and 6. Following an apparent hiatus in the
middle Bronze Age small-scale activity reappeared
at Site 2 in the later Bronze Age-early Iron Age.
More widespread occupation and associated activities
were apparent from the middle Iron Age and
have been documented at Sites 2, 4, 6 and 7. Three
of these sites (2, 4 and 6) continued to be occupied
into the later Iron Age. By the early Roman period
Site 6 had become abandoned shortly followed by
Site 2, but activity was still evident at Sites 1, 4, 7
and 8. Of these only Site 8 continued to be inhabited
into the later Roman period, although a late
Roman cemetery was excavated at Site 4,
suggesting continued occupation nearby. Site 8 also
saw some post-Roman activity as did the adjacent
site at Site 9 where a small hamlet was established
in the late Saxon/early medieval period possibly
over an earlier mid-late Saxon settlement. Two new
sites (Sites 3 and 5) saw small settlements established
dating to the 10th–13th and 12th centuries

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Geographical Areas > English Counties > Bedfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Depositing User: Scott
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2011 16:30
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2011 14:41
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/493

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