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Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age Settlement Remains and Post-Medieval Activity on Land off Southminster Road, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex

Lewis, Timothy and Clarke, Graeme (2021) Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age Settlement Remains and Post-Medieval Activity on Land off Southminster Road, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between 27th July and 12th August 2020 Oxford Archaeology East undertook an archaeological excavation totalling 0.37ha at land off Southminster Road, Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex. The three small excavation areas (Areas 1-3) uncovered the course of a palaeochannel alongside two groups of discrete features (in Areas 1 and 2) which probably represent the remains of Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age settlement. The larger group of post holes and pits in Area 1 produced small assemblages of Late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age pottery and burnt flint. Significantly, one of the pits was also found to contain fragments of eight briquetage pedestals probably associated with salt-making. The smaller group of pits in Area 2 produced contemporary pottery in addition to structural daub fragments. The remaining features encountered in Areas 2 and 3 comprised boundary ditches and a small number of pits of post-medieval origin (16th century and later), in addition to a small quarry to extract the underlying sand and gravel. The most recent episode of early modern activity was represented by a small, ditched enclosure, former field boundaries and a further quarry. This site provides an important addition to the emerging pattern of known Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements in the vicinity of Burnham-on-Crouch and also adds to the growing corpus of later prehistoric sites associated with salt-making on the River Crouch.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Essex, essex, Burnham-on-Crouch, burnham-on-crouch, Excavation, excavation, archaeological excavation, palaeochannel, Bronze Age, bronze age, Late Bronze Age, late bronze age, Iron Age, iron age, Early Iron Age, early iron age, Post-Medieval, post-medieval, post medieval, Post Medieval, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Late Bronze Age pottery, late bronze age pottery, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Early Iron Age pottery, early iron age pottery, Post-Medieval pottery, post-medieval pottery, post medieval pottery, Post Medieval pottery, Briquetage, briquetage, saltmaking, salt making, salt-making, Late Bronze Age salt-making, late bronze age salt-making, Early Iron Age salt-making, early iron age salt-making, burnt flint, settlement, settlement activity, Bronze Age settlement activity, bronze age settlement activity, Late Bronze Age settlement activity, late bronze age settlement activity, Iron Age settlement activity, iron age settlement activity, Early Iron Age settlement activity, early iron age settlement activity, extractive pit, quarry, quarry pit, quarrying, ditch, ditches, boundary ditch, boundary ditches, field boundary, field system, farming, agriculture, land division, 2447, report 2447. Report 2447, OAE report 2447
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Essex
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Early Iron Age 800 - 400 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Late Bronze Age 1000 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 07:23
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 07:23
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/5979

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