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Lynnsport 4 & 5: Land adjacent to Greenpark Avenue, King’s Lynn, Norfolk

Clarke, Graeme (2017) Lynnsport 4 & 5: Land adjacent to Greenpark Avenue, King’s Lynn, Norfolk. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Oxford Archaeology (OA) carried out a strip and map excavation between 27th February and 3rd March 2017 at Lynnsport 4 & 5: Land adjacent to Greenpark Avenue, King’s Lynn, Norfolk. This work was commissioned by Lovell Partnerships Ltd. The site comprised 2.79 hectares of undeveloped land, within the urban reach of King’s Lynn, proposed for residential development. The site is bisected by Greenpark Avenue which divides Lynnsport 4 (1.6 hectares) to the north and Lynnsport 5 (1.19 hectares) to the south.
The current site constitutes the first area of a wider scope of works (Lynnsport 1-5) scheduled to be evaluated by Oxford Archaeology. These works lie in a significant area of industrial archaeological remains relating to salt-making, prevalent during the medieval and early post-medieval periods.
The evaluation revealed evidence for salt-making on the site in the form of three mounds of deposits and their associated features comprising Salterns 1-3. Two of these salterns (Salterns 1 and 2) were located within Lynnsport 4, to the north of Greepark Avenue. The remains of a further saltern (Saltern 3) was located to the south of Greenpark Avenue within Lynnsport 5. The majority of Saltern 3 appeared to extend north beneath the current Greenpark Avenue. As well as revealing waste deposits from the salt-making process constituting the saltern mounds, the evaluation also revealed in-situ remains of a probable brine-boiling hearth and a clay-lined water tank. A large pit cut into Saltern 2 containing the broken-up remains of a probable hearth along with tips of burnt and ash presumably hearth waste deposits. These remains were considered to be typical of the known medieval salt-making remains previously excavated in the area.
The evaluation also revealed part of two curvilinear ditches (Hayricks 1 and 2), probably representing drip gullies of post-medieval hayricks, also known as ‘Riley circles’. The post-medieval dated for these features was reinforced with the recovery of a post-medieval ceramic tobacco pipe-stem from the fill of one of these features.
In addition to these remains, tree-pits were also identified of more recent date and associated with the orchard that once extended across the site.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Norfolk, norfolk, Kings Lynn, kings lynn, King's Lynn, king's lynn, Lynnsport, lynnsport, Gaywood, gaywood, Medieval, medieval, early Medieval, early medieval, Post-Medieval, post-medieval, Post Medieval, post medieval, Saltern, saltern, Hayrick, hayrick, Riley circles, riley circles, salt production, Medieval salt production, medieval salt production, early Medieval salt production, early medieval salt production, saltern mound, saltern mounds, hearth, brine boiling hearth, brine filtration, filtration, tank, filtration tank, Evaluation, evaluation, archaeological evaluation, interim report, 2059, report 2059, Report 2059, OAE report 2059
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Norfolk
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2021 14:11
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2021 14:11
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/6046

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