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Hanwood Park Plots R25 and E3

Clarke, Graeme (2023) Hanwood Park Plots R25 and E3. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between 3rd March and 11th September 2020 Oxford Archaeology East (OA East) carried out an area of excavation at Plots R25 and E3, East Kettering. This c.2.6ha site forms part of the 350ha Hanwood Park development (formerly East Kettering Sustainable Urban Extension). Plot E3 could not be accessed until July 2022. The results of Plot E3 have been integrated with those of the original excavation in this updated report. OA East was commissioned to undertake the archaeological mitigation work within this development.
The OA East excavations targeted the results of previous evaluation work (in conjunction with geophysical survey) conducted by OA East between 2012 and 2015. The archaeological works uncovered evidence for activity spanning the Early Bronze Age, Middle Iron Age and medieval to modern periods.
Three widely separate cremation pits were uncovered. One of the cremations (radiocarbon dated to 2030-1890 cal BC) was interred in an upturned Collared Urn with a jet bead placed inside.
Extensive remains of an Iron Age farmstead were revealed whose feature fills produced assemblages of Middle Iron Age pottery, ironworking slag (mostly smelting with some smithing), fired clay and animal bone but were poor in plant remains, with a single relatively good quality assemblage of crop-processing waste. A central feature consisting of a roundhouse uncovered at the eastern end of the site, which was defined by a large and extensively recut ring-ditch. It lay within an enclosed part of the settlement accompanied by two lesser roundhouses (defined by simpler penannular ring-gullies), pit groups and a fourpost structure. This presumed domestic focus produced the bulk of the finds. To its west lay a large number of unenclosed discrete features which were relatively finds poor. A large D-shaped enclosure was uncovered in the western part of the excavation that encompassed a further possible roundhouse gully and discrete features that included the truncated base of a possible burnt mound or midden. A further enclosure was partly revealed to its south which mostly lay beyond the southern excavation limit. Only a very small quantity of diagnostic Late Iron Age and Roman pottery was recovered, suggesting that this farmstead was abandoned by the 1st century BC.
A much more recent set of intermittent linear ditches extending across the site probably represent former field divisions of medieval or later origin, whose orientation was later respected by a set of east to west aligned agricultural furrows.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Northamptonshire, northamptonshire, Kettering, kettering, Burton Latimer, burton latimer, Excavation, excavation, PXA, pxa, UPD, upd, Post-Excavation Assessment, Post-excavation, Assessment, post-excavation assessment, Updated Project Design, updated project design, cremation, cremation burial, Bronze Age cremation, bronze age cremation, C14, C-14 dating, radiocarbon dating, HSR, hsr, human remains, Iron Age, iron age, Iron Age farmstead, farmstead, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Bronze Age, bronze age, Roman, roman, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Roman pottery, roman pottery, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, Middle Iron Age pottery, middle iron age pottery, slag, MWD, mwd, metalworking debris, Iron Age slag, animal remains, animal bone, animal bones, bone, bones, Iron Age animal remains, iron age animal remains, crop processing, crop processing waste, roundhouse, round house, iron age round house, iron age roundhouse, drip gully, four-post structure, four post structure, burnt mound, midden, midden deposit, jet, jet bead, ecofacts, 2494, report 2494, Report 2494, OAE report 2494
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Northamptonshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2023 10:21
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2023 10:27
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7061

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