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HMS Ganges, Shotley Gate, Shotley, Suffolk

Lucking, Thomas (2019) HMS Ganges, Shotley Gate, Shotley, Suffolk. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between the 10th and 14th of December 2018, Oxford Archaeology East (OA East) undertook an archaeological trial trench evaluation on land belonging to the former HMS Ganges Royal Navy training establishment at Shotley Gate, Shotley, Suffolk (TM 2476 3414). A total of 12 trenches were excavated. Eight were located on former playing fields at the north-western end of the site with the remaining part of the field having been evaluated by Suffolk County Council in 2010. A further four trenches were excavated along the line of a proposed spine road in the south-eastern part of the site, in an area of demolished barrack blocks.
The fieldwork has identified archaeological remains in the eight trenches excavated in the north-western part of the site, with the densest areas of archaeological features in Trenches 28, 29, 30, and 35. The earliest phase of activity here relates to a possible prehistoric field system, represented by a series of ditches and gullies. These yielded very few datable finds, but are broadly aligned north-west to south-east and north-east to south-west, on an axis different to that of later field boundaries at the site.
Medieval activity was located toward the western boundary of the site, with a series of ditches yielding small groups of medieval pottery. The ditches are aligned parallel to, and perpendicular with, the line of the B1456, and may relate to former properties or plots fronting the roadside. The post-medieval ditches shared a similar alignment, one of which is which was depicted on the 1904 Ordnance Survey map of the site, and was infilled by 1928.
Features relating to Second World War activity comprised two machine-dug trenches backfilled with concrete anti-vehicle obstacles, and a crenellated ditch located along the northern boundary of the site. This had been previously recorded from aerial photography, and is probably an air-raid shelter (SLY 088). The purpose of the other machine-dug trenches is more difficult to interpret, though the location corresponds with a series of linear features visible on aerial photographs from 1945, and may represent some form of wartime training structure.
No archaeological remains survived in the four trenches in the south-eastern part of the site. These trenches revealed the demolished foundations and service trenches of six former naval training barrack blocks and a clothing store. This area was heavily disturbed and truncated, and has low potential for archaeological survival.
Overall, however, the trenching has confirmed the presence of preserved archaeological remains in the north-western part of the proposed development site. The identified remains date from the prehistoric, medieval, and post-medieval periods, and may correlate with activity uncovered during evaluation by Suffolk County Council immediately to the south (Sommers 2010).

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Suffolk, suffolk, Shotley, shotley, HMS Ganges, evaluation, Evaluation archaeological evaluation, field system, prehistoric field system, ditch, ditches, field boundary, prehistoric field boundary, Medieval, medieval, pottery, Pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Medieval pottery, medieval pottery, plot boundary, medieval plot boundary, post-medieval plot boundary, post-medieval ditch, Post-Medieval, post-medieval, Post Medieval, post medieval, post-medieval field system, Modern, modern, WW2, ww2, Second World War, second world war, World War 2, world war 2, crenelated ditch, air raid shelter, concrete, anti-vehicle obstacles, foundations, barracks, structure, building, naval barracks, 2285, report 2285, Report 2285, OAE report 2285
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Suffolk
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Medieval 1066 - 1540 AD
Period > UK Periods > Modern 1901 - present
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 22 May 2023 06:34
Last Modified: 22 May 2023 06:34
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7113

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