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A Napoleonic Barracks at Weeley, Essex

Cox, Nicholas (2023) A Napoleonic Barracks at Weeley, Essex. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between 16th August 2021 and 18th January 2022 Oxford Archaeology East carried out an archaeological excavation on land south of Thorpe Road, Weeley, Essex. A total of c. 3.5ha in seven separate areas (Areas 1 and 2) was machine stripped to investigate areas of interest identified by the evaluation.
The northernmost excavation areas included scattered Late Bronze Age features and a series of Roman ditches along the western side of the investigation area.
The southern excavation areas contained a Late Bronze Age ring ditch, as well as a number of more widely scattered pits. These areas also included two rectangular enclosures of Middle Iron Age date, one with second ring ditch inside. Several more Roman ditches were present along the western edge of the development area, along with some additional pits, postholes and a possible oven.
Most of the archaeological features and artefacts dated from the early 19th century (Napoleonic) barracks that was located on the site between 1803 and 1815. The remnants of at least 17 buildings of varying sizes and at least two differing methods of construction were identified. Portions of the buildings survived as brick foundations, but the majority were foundation cuts backfilled with demolition materials. An extensive system of brick gutters and drainage ditches surrounded the buildings was recorded.
Artefactual evidence included moderate assemblages of Late Bronze Age, Middle Iron Age and Roman pottery with a much larger assemblage of post-medieval material primarily of mid-18th to 19th century date. Fragments of Iron Age loom weights and Roman brick and tile were recovered. Whilst very large quantities of 19th century CBM (mostly rubble) were found, these assemblages were primarily recorded on site. Metalwork included a silver coin and four copper-alloy coins of late 18th to 19th century date (two of continental origin), numerous copper-alloy buttons, buckles and iron nails. A single gilt copper-alloy fob seal with sardonyx intaglio was also recovered.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Weeley, weeley, essex, essex, Excavation, excavation, archaeological excavation, PXA, pxa, UPD, upd, Post-Excavation Assessment, Post-excavation Assessment, post-excavation assessment, Updated Project Design, updated project design, Bronze Age, bronze age, Late Bronze Age, late bronze age, Iron Age, iron age, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, Roman, roman, Post-Medieval, post-medieval, Post Medieval, post medieval, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Late Bronze Age pottery, late bronze age pottery, Middle Iron Age pottery, middle iron age pottery, Roman pottery, roman pottery, Post-Medieval pottery, post-medieval pottery, Post Medieval pottery, post medieval pottery, ditch, ring ditch, late bronze age ring ditch, enclosure, enclosures, middle iron age enclosure, agriculture, iron age agriculture, roman agriculture, roman ditch, roman oven, oven, fired clay, loomweight, loom weight, iron age loom weight, weight, iron age weight, iron age loomweight, building, structure, foundations, barrack, barrack building, barrack foundations, Napoleonic, post-medieval building, post-medieval barrack, napoleonic barrack building, drainage, drainage ditch, gutter, post-medieval drainage, post-medieval land management, CBM, cbm, Ceramic Building Material, ceramic building material, fob seal, coin, post-medieval coin, post-medieval fob seal, animal remains, animal bone, animal bones, bone, bones, post-medieval animal remains, army rations, clay tobacco pipe, CTP, ctp,2577, report 2577, Report 2577, OAE report 2577
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Essex
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Late Bronze Age 1000 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2023 07:02
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2023 07:02
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7157

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