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Bishop’s Stortford North, Secondary School

Cox, Nicholas (2022) Bishop’s Stortford North, Secondary School. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between 12th October and 18th December 2020 Oxford Archaeology carried out an archaeological excavation on land north of the A120, Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire. A total of 2.65ha in two separate areas (Areas 1 and 2) was machine stripped to investigate areas of interest identified in the earlier evaluation phase of the investigation.
Early land-use was evident from residual Neolithic/BA flints and Late Bronze Age/Early Iron and Middle Iron Age pottery in several later features. One Middle Iron Age pit was identified in Area 1. The main periods of activity identified in Area 1 dated to the transitional Late Iron Age to Romano-British and later Roman periods. This activity consisted of a Late Iron Age to Early Roman-British farmstead which commenced with a sub-circular example in the west of Area 1, with a series of rectangular enclosures added to its north-east and eastern side. Internal ditches and pits primarily lay within the sub-circular enclosure which also contained a post-built structure in its south-western corner, presumably of a domestic purpose.
Later Roman activity (2nd century onwards) saw a shift included larger waterholes on the northern and southern edges of the rectangular enclosures to the east which truncated the earlier ditches. Large spreads of midden material, a small rectangular enclosure and a poorly preserved 4th century burial also belong to this period. This appears to be part of a shift in emphasis from domestic activity to livestock management, with the domestic core shifting elsewhere, possibly to the higher status site identified at Wickham Hall to the west.
A single grave radiocarbon dated to the late 4th century was located within the abandoned sub-circular enclosure. Graves goods included a Romano-Saxon Hadham ware jar with incised dot decoration. This possibly relates to the skull recovered during the evaluation.
Area 2 contained six post-medieval ditches and ten pits. A very large feature, possibly representing a watering hole, extended across most of this area.
Artefactual evidence included a large assemblage of Late Iron Age to Roman pottery with smaller quantities of earlier and post-medieval material. Fragments of both Bronze Age and Iron Age loom weights, multiple querns (several having been reused as whetstones), spindle-whorls, animal bone and tile were also recovered. Metalwork included five copper-alloy brooches of early 1st century date, two copper-alloy coins of the 3rd and 4th centuries and iron objects including over thirty handmade nails, five hobnails and possible parts of harnesses, as well as structural or furniture fittings.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hertfordshire, hertfordshire, Bishops Stortford, bishop stortford, excavation, Excavation, archaeological excavation, Iron Age, iron age, Roman, roman, Late Iron Age, late iron age, Bronze Age, bronze age, Late Bronze Age, late bronze age, Early Iron Age, early iron age, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Roman pottery, roman pottery, Late Iron Age pottery, late iron age pottery, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Late Bronze Age pottery, late bronze age pottery, Early Iron Age pottery, early iron age pottery, Middle Iron Age pottery, middle iron age pottery, Farmstead, farmstead, agriculture, farming, roman farmstead, late iron age farmstead, pastoral, well, waterhole, middle iron age pit, enclosure, enclosures, late iron age enclosure, roman enclosure, midden, roman midden, rectangular enclosure, livestock, livestock management, roman livestock management, animal bone, animal bones, bone, bones animal remains, HSR, hsr, human remains, Human Remains, burial, inhumation, grave, roman burial, C14, c14, radiocarbon dating, loomweight, loom weight, iron age loom weight, bronze age loom weight, coin, coins, roman coin, post-medieval, Post-Medieval, post medieval, Post Medieval, waterhole, post-medieval waterhole, post-medieval farming, spindle whorl, spindlewhorl, whetstone, quern, pit, ditch, lithic implement, early bronze age lithic implement, late neolithic lithic implement, flint, worked flint, ecofacts, cereal grain, cereal processing, 2578, report 2578, Report 2578, OAE report 2578
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Hertfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Early Bronze Age 2500 - 1500 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Early Iron Age 800 - 400 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Late Bronze Age 1000 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC > Late Neolithic 2700 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2023 06:16
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 06:16
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7197

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