OA Library

Late Bronze Age Ritual and Habitation on a Thames Eyot at Whitecross Farm, Wallingford The Archaeology of the Wallingford Bypass, 1986–92 Thames Valley Landscapes Monograph No 22 2006

Cromarty, Anne Marie and Barclay, Alistair and Lambrick, George and Robinson, Mark and Bayliss, Alex and Booth, Paul and Boyle, Angela and Bradley, Philippa and Brown, Andrew and Northover, Peter and Powell, Adrienne and Taylor, Maisie and Whittingham, Lucy and Allen, Leigh and Atherton, Kate and Botterill, E W and Campbell, Greg and Chambers, Frank and Clark, Kate M and Doherty, Chris and French, Charles and Gale, Rowena and Stos-Gale, S and Henderson, Julia and Lewis, Helen and Mitchell, Nicholas and Munby, Julian and Roe, Fiona and Collett, Lesley and Costello, Mel and Potter, Sam and Wallis, Jeff (2006) Late Bronze Age Ritual and Habitation on a Thames Eyot at Whitecross Farm, Wallingford The Archaeology of the Wallingford Bypass, 1986–92 Thames Valley Landscapes Monograph No 22 2006. Project Report. Oxford Archaeology.

[thumbnail of 0_WBP85-91_Complete monograph.pdf] PDF
0_WBP85-91_Complete monograph.pdf

Download (40MB)
[thumbnail of 1_WBP85-91_Front cover.pdf] PDF
1_WBP85-91_Front cover.pdf

Download (240kB)
[thumbnail of 2_WBP85-91_Prelims.pdf] PDF

Download (71kB)
[thumbnail of 3_WBP85-91_Chapter01.pdf] PDF

Download (215kB)
[thumbnail of 4_WBP85-91_Chapter02.pdf] PDF

Download (3MB)
[thumbnail of 5_WBP85-91_Chapter03.pdf] PDF

Download (1MB)
[thumbnail of 6_WBP85-91_Chapter04.pdf] PDF

Download (1MB)
[thumbnail of 7_WBP85-91_Chapter05.pdf] PDF

Download (4MB)
[thumbnail of 8_WBP85-91_Chapter06.pdf] PDF

Download (627kB)
[thumbnail of 9_WBP85-91_Chapter07.pdf] PDF

Download (211kB)
[thumbnail of 10_WBP85-91_Appendices.pdf] PDF

Download (2MB)
[thumbnail of 11_WBP85-91_Bibliography-Index.pdf] PDF

Download (104kB)
[thumbnail of 12_WBP85-91_Back cover.pdf] PDF
12_WBP85-91_Back cover.pdf

Download (170kB)


This report presents the results of a series of excavations
along the proposed route of the Wallingford
Bypass which are of particular interest for three
aspects: excavation of a high-status late Bronze Age
settlement on an island (eyot) in the Thames; confirmation
of the existence of cord-rig cultivation in
southern England; and dating of the south
Oxfordshire Grim’s Ditch, which places it within a
major sequence of earthwork construction in the
late Iron Age and early Roman period in the Upper
Thames region.
The proposal to construct a bypass to the south
and west of Wallingford prompted a series of
archaeological investigations between 1985–92.
Excavations were carried out where the route
crossed part of Mongewell Grim’s Ditch, as well as
at the known Bronze Age riverside site near
Whitecross Farm and a new site at Bradford’s Brook
further west that was revealed by fieldwalking.
The site at Whitecross Farm was located on a
former eyot in the river, with a broad palaeochannel
to the west. Initial evaluation of the site enabled the
bypass bridge to be designed to minimise its impact
on the surviving archaeology. Thus only areas that
would be directly affected by the bridge construction
were fully excavated. The results of these and
earlier limited excavations are presented, together
with metalwork recovered from the river nearby.
Bringing all this evidence together has allowed the
site to be more fully characterised than previously.
The site, including timber structures located on the
edge of the eyot, and a substantial midden and
occupation deposit, has been securely radiocarbondated
to the late Bronze Age. The late Bronze Age
artefact assemblages are suggestive of a high-status
site, with a range of domestic and ritual activities
The bank of the Grim’s Ditch earthwork was
found to have preserved evidence of earlier settlement,
dating to the Neolithic and Bronze Age, and
a sequence of cultivation, including ard marks and
‘cord-rig’ cultivation ridges. Pottery and radiocarbon
analysis dated the earthwork to the end of
the late Iron Age or the early Roman period.
A multi-period settlement, consisting of pits, a
waterhole, postholes, gullies and field systems, was
identified at Bradford’s Brook, Cholsey. The main
periods represented are late Bronze Age and
Romano-British, while a small quantity of Saxon
pottery indicates limited Saxon activity. A large pit
containing late Bronze Age pottery, a cattle skull,
waterlogged wood and plant remains, a complete
loomweight and flint flakes has been interpreted as
a waterhole. A series of radiocarbon dates were
obtained for deposits within this feature.
All three sites are discussed individually as well
as within their local, regional and national contexts.
Chapter 7 provides an overall discussion of later
Bronze Age themes that have arisen through the
excavation and analysis of these sites.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Oxfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Early Medieval 410 - 1066 AD
Period > UK Periods > Bronze Age 2500 - 700 BC > Late Bronze Age 1000 - 700 BC
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Neolithic 4000 - 2200 BC
Period > UK Periods > Palaeolithic 500 000 - 10 000 BC
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology South > Fieldwork
Depositing User: Scott
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2023 12:33
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2023 12:33
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7268

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item