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A Possible Iron Age Banjo Enclosure on Land Adjacent to Trafalgar Way, Bar Hill (in Lolworth parish)

Gilmour, Nick (2017) A Possible Iron Age Banjo Enclosure on Land Adjacent to Trafalgar Way, Bar Hill (in Lolworth parish). [Client Report] (Unpublished)

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Between November 2014 and January 2015 Oxford Archaeology East carried out an archaeological excavation on land adjacent to Trafalgar Way, Bar Hill (in Lolworth parish), Cambridgeshire. This was in advance of a proposed expansion of Domino Printing Ltd. The excavation followed on from a geophysical survey of the site, which suggested the presence of an Iron Age settlement type known as a banjo enclosure.
The excavation revealed activity of later Iron Age date, including a large enclosure ditch surrounding a small farmstead represented by roundhouse gullies, pits and post holes. Further pits, post holes and ditches were located outside of the main enclosure. The shape of the latter indicates that this may have been a banjo enclosure, although the characteristic funnel entrance was not revealed and presumably lies to the east beyond the area investigated. A late phase of Iron Age activity was represented by a large waterhole and a number of ditches and possible roundhouse gullies. This farmstead appears to have been largely based on stock-keeping (principally cattle and sheep farming), although plant remains were particularly poorly preserved on the site, inhibiting interpretation of any arable-based activities.
A moderate finds assemblage was recovered, comprising pottery, animal bone, querns, a fragmented possible loomweight, metalworking debris and struck flint. One of the quern stones had been positioned in the terminal of a sub-enclosure ditch within the main banjo enclosure, with a dog skull placed on top of it, possibly as a termination rite. The farmstead appears to have been relatively short-lived and was probably abandoned around the time of the Roman Conquest in the mid-1st century AD. This is a similar picture to that which has emerged for many of the identified banjo enclosures across southern Britain, in addition to a number of other contemporary sites in this part of Cambridgeshire. However, it is in contrast to the nearby site at New Cross Farm where current excavations indicate occupation from the Middle Iron Age, with activity continuing into the 3rd century AD.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cambridgeshire, cambridgeshire, Lolworth, lolworth, Bar Hill, bar hill, Excavation, excavation, archaeological excavation, Iron Age, iron age, Late Iron Age, late iron age, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, Banjo Enclosure, Banjo enclosure, banjo enclosure, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Late Iron Age pottery, late iron age pottery, Middle Iron Age pottery, middle iron age pottery, watering hole, ditch, ditches, ditch terminal, placed deposit, Iron Age placed deposit, iron age placed deposit, Beehive quern, beehive quern, quern, quern stone, quernstone, saddle quern, Iron Age quern, iron age quern, round house, roundhouse, Iron Age roundhouse, iron age roundhouse, gully, gullies, drip gully, loomweight, loom weight, full report, dog skull, termination rite, farmstead, farm stead, farming, agriculture, stock keeping, sub-enclosure, sub enclosure, subenclosure, cattle, sheep, animal bone, animal bones, animal remains, bones, bone, 2026, report 2026, Report 2026, OAE report 2026
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Cambridgeshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2021 11:43
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2021 11:43
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/6019

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