OA Library

Bishop’s Stortford North, Secondary School, Hertfordshire: PXA

Cox, Nicholas (2021) Bishop’s Stortford North, Secondary School, Hertfordshire: PXA. [Client Report] (Unpublished)

[thumbnail of OAE_XHTBSN20__Report_2521_LR.pdf] PDF
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike.

Download (9MB)


Between 12th October and 18th December 2020 Oxford Archaeology East carried out an archaeological excavation on land north of the A120, Bishop’s Stortford, Hertfordshire. A total of 2.65ha in two separate areas (Areas 1 and 2) was machine stripped to investigate areas of interest identified in the earlier evaluation phase of the investigation.
Early land-use was evident from residual Neolithic/BA flints and Late Bronze Age/Early Iron and Middle Iron Age pottery in several later features. One Middle Iron Age pit was identified in Area 1. The main periods of activity identified in Area 1 dated to the transitional Late Iron Age to Roman and later Roman periods. This activity consisted of multiple Late Iron Age to Roman ditched enclosures which commenced with a sub-circular example in the west of Area 1 with a series of rectangular enclosures added to its north-east and eastern side. Internal ditches and pits primarily lay within the sub-circular enclosure which also contained a post-built structure in its south-western corner. A well or small waterhole was revealed in the largest rectangular enclosure.
Later Roman activity (2nd century onwards) included larger waterholes on the northern and southern edges of the rectangular enclosures to the east which truncated the earlier ditches. Large spreads of midden material, a small rectangular enclosure and a poorly preserved 4th century burial also belong to this period.
Area 2 contained six post-medieval ditches and three pits. A very large feature, possibly representing a watering hole, extended across most of this area.
Artefactual evidence included a large assemblage of Late Iron Age to Roman pottery with smaller quantities of earlier and post-medieval material. Fragments of Iron Age loom weights, Roman quern, spindle-whorls, animal bone and tile were also recovered. Metalwork included three 1st century copper-alloy brooches, two copper-alloy coins and iron nails.

Item Type: Client Report
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hertfordshire, hertfordshire, Bishops Stortford, bishop stortford, excavation, Excavation, archaeological excavation, Iron Age, iron age, Roman, roman, Late Iron Age, late iron age, Bronze Age, bronze age, Late Bronze Age, late bronze age, Early Iron Age, early iron age, Middle Iron Age, middle iron age, Pottery, pottery, pot, ceramic, sherd, vessel, Iron Age pottery, iron age pottery, Roman pottery, roman pottery, Late Iron Age pottery, late iron age pottery, Bronze Age pottery, bronze age pottery, Late Bronze Age pottery, late bronze age pottery, Early Iron Age pottery, early iron age pottery, Middle Iron Age pottery, middle iron age pottery, Farmstead, farmstead, agriculture, farming, roman farmstead, late iron age farmstead, pastoral, well, waterhole, middle iron age pit, enclosure, enclosures, late iron age enclosure, roman enclosure, midden, roman midden, rectangular enclosure, livestock, livestock management, roman livestock management, animal bone, animal bones, bone, bones animal remains, HSR, hsr, human remains, Human Remains, burial, inhumation, grave, roman burial, C14, c14, radiocarbon dating, loomweight, loom weight, iron age loom weight, bronze age loom weight, coin, coins, roman coin, post-medieval, Post-Medieval, post medieval, Post Medieval, waterhole, post-medieval waterhole, post-medieval farming, spindle whorl, spindlewhorl, whetstone, quern, pit, ditch, lithic implement, early bronze age lithic implement, late neolithic lithic implement, flint, worked flint, ecofacts, cereal grain, cereal processing, PXA, pxa, UPD, upd, Post-Excavation Assessment, Post-excavation Assessment, post-excavation assessment, Updated Project Design, updated project design, 2521, report 2521, Report 2521, OAE report 2521
Subjects: Geographical Areas > English Counties > Hertfordshire
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Late Iron Age 100 BC - 43 AD
Period > UK Periods > Iron Age 800 BC - 43 AD > Middle Iron Age 400 - 100 BC
Period > UK Periods > Post Medieval 1540 - 1901 AD
Period > UK Periods > Roman 43 - 410 AD
Divisions: Oxford Archaeology East
Depositing User: Hamilton
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2023 11:35
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2023 11:35
URI: http://eprints.oxfordarchaeology.com/id/eprint/7200

Actions (login required)

View Item
View Item